Paranoid Personality Type

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Character Strengths and Virtues

  1. Autonomy, independence, self-sufficiency, purposefulness, a sense of themselves, an inner sense of rightness.
  2. Cautiousness, carefulness, prudence, self-restraint, self-control
  3. Attentiveness, anticipation, perceptiveness, awareness, vigilance, concentration, understanding.
  4. Self-defence, bravery, courage, resilience.
  5. Alertness, sensitivity, seriousness, responsibility.
  6. Fidelity, loyalty, protectiveness, sympathy, idealism, zealousness, enthusiasm.

Traits and Behaviors

Autonomy, caution, perceptiveness, self-defense, alertness to criticism, fidelity.



Good/Bad Matches


Management Style


Real World




autonomy, trustworthiness of others, loyalty, fidelity, to know the hidden motives of others, the appearance of righteousness, secrecy, privacy, a double life, vigilance, wariness, suspicion, adversaries, enemies, grudges, guiltlessness, shamelessness, authority, superiority, self-sufficiency, independence, control, perfection, withdrawal, self-criticism, being special, isolation


being controlled, subordination, deviousness, deception, treachery, closeness, being covertly manipulated, interference of others, being put down, being discriminated against, secret coalitions formed by others, being undermined or depreciated by others, humiliation, being abused or being taken advantage of, being demeaned, authority/authority figures, those he or she sees as weak, soft, sickly or defective, inferiority, making mistakes, being different from others,

Noteworthy Examples

Karl Abraham, Alfred Adler, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Kevin Bacon, Harold Bloom, Marlon Brando, Sergey Brin, James Carville, Dick Cheney, Calvin Coolidge, Howard Dean, James Dean, Jacques Derrida, Philip K. Dick, Bob Dole, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Matt Drudge, Wayne Dyer, Melissa Etheridge, Greta Garbo, Rudolph Giuliani, Billy Graham, Ulysses S. Grant, Andrew S. Grove, Alexander Hamilton, L. Ron Hubbard, Oscar Ichazo, Henry James, William James, John A. Johnson, Robert F. Kennedy, Ken Kesey, Jessica Lange, Vladimir Ilich Lenin, G. Gordon Liddy, Charles Manson, John McCain, Joseph McCarthy, Reba McEntire, Steve McQueen, Herman Melville, Thomas Merton, Walter F. Mondale, Henry A. Murray, Benito Mussolini, Richard Nixon, Madalyn Murray O'Hair, John M. Oldham, Bill O'Reilly, George Orwell, Lee Harvey Oswald, Steven Pinker, Vladimir Putin, Thomas Pynchon, Dan Rather, Robert Redford, Julian Rotter, Thomas Szasz, Bob Woodward.


John M. Oldham and Lois B. Morris (1995). The New Personality Self-Portrait: Why You Think, Work, Love and Act the Way You Do. New York: Bantam.

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