Bohemia

From Kaiserreich

Bohemia is a secondary constituent of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy under the control of the Austrian Crown. It borders Germany and within the Dual Monarchy, the areas of Austria, Hungary and Galicia-Lodomiera.
Böhmen
Bohemia
180px-Flag_of_Bohemia.svg.png   100px-Small_coat_of_arms_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg.png


Flag and Coat of Arms of Bohemia

Official Languages Czech, German
Capital Prague
Head of State King Ottokar III is represented by Felix zu Schwarzenberg
Head of Government Jan Syrov
Establishment
  - 1867 Ausgleich

  May 29 1867
  - Autonomous Region   1927
Government Parliamentary monarchy, secondary constituent state of Austria-Hungary under the control of the Austrian Crown
Currency Austro-Hungarian krone
Area 78 866 km²
Population About 11 millions

Contents

History

Bohemia become part of Austrian Empire in 1526. At the end of the eighteenth century, the Czech national revivalist movement, in cooperation with part of the Bohemian aristocracy, started a campaign for restoration of the kingdom's historic rights, whereby the Czech language was to replace German as the language of administration. During the Revolution of 1848, many Czech nationalists called for autonomy for Bohemia from Habsburg Austria, but the revolutionaries were defeated.

In 1861, a new elected Bohemian Diet was established. The renewal of the old Bohemian Crown became the official political program of both Czech liberal politicians and the majority of Bohemian aristocracy, while parties representing the German minority and small part of the aristocracy proclaimed their loyalty to the centralistic Constitution. After the creation of the Dual Monarchy in the Ausgleich of 1867, an attempt of the Czechs to create a tripartite monarchy (Austria-Hungary-Bohemia) failed in 1871.

After the Weltkrieg Czech nationalism was on the rise and the tension between the ethnic Germans and the Czechs led to violent riots, almost bringing the Empire on the verge of a civil war. The German mediation in the renegotiations of the Ausgleich in 1927 lead to the concession of autonomy to Bohemia as a constituent part of Austria-Hungary, even if under the control of the Austrian Crown and not on the same level as Hungary.

Politics

Bohemia is a parliamentary monarchy, as a constituent part of Austria-Hungary. King Ottokar III is represented by Governor Felix zu Schwarzenberg and the government is led by Minister-President Jan Syrov.

The future of Bohemia is uncertain as the Ausgleich of 1937 is approaching and Austria will probably try to assert its authority. However, nothing is certain and in case of a struggle of power between Austria and Hungary, Bohemia might be able to extend its control over the lands of the Slovaks.

Military

Bohemia is under the military authority of Hungary and has only a small poorly-trained army composed of two militias used only for the repression of protests.

Foreign relations

Under the political, economic and military authority of Austria.

Very good relations with Austria, Hungary, Germany and Russia.

Friendly relations with Poland, White Ruthenia and United Baltic Duchy.

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