|Official Language||Dari Persian and Pashto|
|Head of State||Mohammed Zaher Shah|
|Head of Government||Mohammad Hashim|
- Independance from Britain
August 19, 1919
|Area||About 800.000 km²|
|Population||About 15 millions|
Afghanistan was always a troubled region for the British to maintain control of. An important part of the 'Great Game' between the British Empire and the Russian Czars during the 19th century, every attempt to fully subdue the country ran into fierce resistance. By 1880, however, after the Second Anglo-Afghan war, the emir of Afghanistan finally agreed to allow British control over the country's foreign affairs. But following the Weltkrieg, the Afghani emir was assassinated and his son launched yet another war against Britain until the war-weary British agreed to fully withdraw from the country. By 1921 a cease-fire was finally signed granting Afghanistan complete independence. By 1923, a constitution was drawn up and the long process of modernization began....perhaps a bit too quickly. The newly crowned King was deposed by a revolt from Afghani tribesman angry at his attempts to do away with centuries old traditions, forcing him into exile by the end of the 1920's. He was replaced by King Nadir Shah, who kept his continuing reforms to a more acceptable pace. During these turbulent times and taking advantage of the break-up of the British Empire, Afghanistan was also able to seize several provinces formerly part of British India. On 8 November 1933 Nadir Shah was assassinated and his son Mohammed Zaher Shah has inherited the throne, but despite lingering resentments among tribal leaders there is no sign of turmoil for the country in the immediate future.
Shah of Afghanistan: Mohammed Zaher Shah (born 15 October 1914)
Prime Minister and Minister of Interior: Mohammad Hashim (born 1885)
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Haji Faiz Muhammad Zikeria (born 1892)
Minister of Finance: Abdul Majid Zabuli (born 14 August 1896)
Chief of Military Intelligence: Shah Mahmud (born 1890)
Commander-in-Chief of the Afghan Army: Mohammed Daoud (born 18 July 1909)
The army is mainly composed of militias from local tribes.
A military air program was never attempted, as the country lacks an airport.