China debate


Opening statement (read by Evan

China - United States politics are at a crossroad. We can make several decisions regarding our stance towards China; and that stance will not only effect countries, but also reflect what our values are onto the world. We need to assert what we know is right throughout the world; we can not just keep the “secrets” of democracy and (inhumanish pronunciation) human treatment for us to enjoy, but instead we must enlighten other populations that do not share the liberty and freedom we take pleasure in daily. China is a country where the government does not do its duty to protect human rights, rather they infringe upon these basic and necessary privileges. Within China (mi-nus its numerous occupied territories) there is widespread famine, censorship, religious intolerance, and complete lack of civil liberties. Meanwhile, within China’s less fortunate non-Chinese “settlements” conditions are even worse. Tibet is the epitome of China’s inhuman conduct and unfortunately even brutality. Only a quote from the European Human Rights Delegation to Tibet can accu-rately sum up the situation within southwest China: “Since the Chinese Government per-ceives demands for independence as a formidable threat to national unity, it sees repres-sion as the only means of dealing with a dissident movement in Tibet that it fears could rapidly grow in strength and scope.” Many organizations are beginning to call the 1.2 million Tibetans that have been killed by the Chinese since 1950 the forbidden word, yes, genocide. The International Commission of Jurists concluded that there was a prima facie case of genocide committed by the Chinese upon the Tibetan nation. What kind of a message do we give if we let people around the world be treated like that: without what John Locke and many proponents of democracy call the “natural rights?” It is undisputable that a violation of human rights is occurring in China. What many members of our hearing today differ on is the course of action needed and whether this shocking disruption on so many people’s lives merits our attention. I believe I speak for all three of us when I say that we strongly feel it does. We have outlined a compre-hensive course of action that we recommend, however before discussing that we would like to go into some more detail involving the abuses going on within China.

Tibet bit (read by Evan)

We take for granted that our justice system is meant to protect us when we are the victim and treat us justly when we are the criminals; this is rarely the case within much discriminated upon Tibet. The hypocrisy within Chinese legislation and actuality is extraordinary and the crimes committed by these Tibetans would immediately be labeled “free speech” or “freedom of belief” and be promptly thrown out of court. This is also not the case among the several hundred political prisoners. The Chinese interestingly enough don’t allow any visits by independent international observers (for example International Committee of the Red Cross) to Tibet prisons (Even the Nazis allowed the red cross to examine their prisons). Chinese also maintain strict control of travel in and out of Tibet so information is unfortunately based on fleeing exiles rather then people that served their time and con-tacted a foreign group. I am now going to explain the process of being arrested, being tried, and being held in prison within Tibet as best we know. After arrest many remain in detention for three months or more without being charged or even notified as to what their crime was. Those charges are subject to an average sentence of 6.5 years. In de-fiance of China’s own laws (Article 125 of the PRC Constitution, "the accused has the right of defense") there is no known case of a Tibetan receiving legal assistance prior to, during the hearing. Many offend-ers are sent straight to Laojiao (literal Chinese translation: re-education through labor). Also despite laws requiring that all trials be public there is only one account of political trials in Tibet. Two monks were detained after unfurling a Tibetan flag in the street. In the account neither were represented, nor were they given the chance to defend themselves, each monk was sentenced to 3.5 years Beatings following arrests are commonplace and are aimed at deterring further protest and to ex-tract confessions. Those sentenced are often tortured in blatant disregard to UN laws that China has sup-posedly agreed to. There is, however, an overwhelming amount of evidence that torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment are a routine part of detention in police stations, detention cen-ters, labor camps and prisons in Tibet. First-hand reports from runaway prisoners describe the use of electric batons applied to the torso, mouth, soles of feet and genitals; the use of lighted cigarettes to in-flict burns; the use of truncheons or rifle butts for beatings; the use of dogs to bite detainees; and the use of manacles and chains to restrain prisoners for long periods. China is a human rights problem to itself, to Asia as a role model, and to the world as a super-power. This treatment is simply unacceptable and needs to be stopped.

"Mainland" China bit (read by...)

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